Aircraft spotlight: Beechcraft 1900

The Beechcraft 1900 was designed as a regional airliner, capable of carrying 19 seated passengers. Featuring turboprop engines and a pressurised cabin, it was developed from the Super King Air with similar cockpit controls. The model’s first flight came in 1982, followed by certification by the US Federal Aviation Administration in 1983. The 1900 entered into service in 1984, and production continued right up to 2002, by which time nearly 700 examples had been completed.
The original 1900 model featured stairs at both front and rear doors; only three were produced. The next iteration, the 1900C, dispensed with the rear stairs in favour of a larger cargo door. The redesigned 1900D was introduced in 1991 and boasted more powerful engines, new propellers, winglets and a larger tail to compensate for the extra drag caused by a taller cabin that allowed passengers to stand up. It is able to operate from relatively short runways, as well as from grass or rough strips.
The 1900 proved popular with passenger airlines, and has also been used for corporate and cargo transport. Operators offering the model in the medevac role include Northern Thunderbird Air and EVAS Air of Canada, which both cite the cabin as being suitable for bariatric patients. It has also been adopted by military and police services, including the Swiss Air Force and the Spanish National Police.
Did you know?
The US military designation for the 1900C is the C-12J. The corporate version was marketed under the moniker King Air ExecLiner.


Specifications (1900D)  
Crew/passengers 1 or 2
Passengers 19 seated, 2 stretchers
Engines 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A- 67D turboprops
Cruise speed 280 knots (518 km/h, 322 mph) at  20,000 ft (6,100 m)
Max range 2,306 km (1,432 mi)
Length 57 ft 8 in (17.62 m)
Height 15 ft 5 in (4.72 m)
Wingspan 57 ft 9 in (17.64 m)